Environmental responsibilities

Who enforces environmental legislation?

There are three main environmental regulators in the UK:

  • the Environment Agency in England and Wales
  • the Northern Ireland Environment Agency
  • the Scottish Environment Protection Agency

The environmental regulators have produced the NetRegs website, which provides free environmental guidance. You can find guidance on environmental legislation and good practice on the NetRegs website.

You have the right to appeal against environmental regulators' decisions.

Your local authority is also responsible for regulating some environmental issues such as:

  • air quality
  • statutory nuisance problems such as air pollution, noise, odour and light pollution
  • land contamination
  • environmental health

See our guide on local authority services: an overview.

Your local authority can also help you achieve compliance with various aspects of environmental legislation. Find your local authority using our Contacts Directory.

Subjects covered in this guide


Environment Agency Helpline

03708 506 506


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Developed with:
Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs
Environment Agency